Learn how to tackle what many consider to be the most difficult part of APA formatting: references.
APA Series Part Five: APA Reference Page
Our editors provide an example of an APA reference page
Part five of our APA series provides an example of an APA Reference page done in compliance with the latest standards of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). These citation examples follow APA style and format instructions and could likely be found in any research project. Consider using this sample APA reference page as a resource page when creating your own reference page for your next term paper or research assignment. For your reference, we have also provided an example of how to format an APA title page. If you are interested in learning more about essay writing, check out Scribendi.com's ebook How to Write an Essay in Five Easy Steps.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
Book with one author
Aprilson, A. (2001). The emergency budget task force handbook. Mississippi, TN: Haberdasher.
Book with two authors
Bringham, D. E., & Knope, S. (2001). Resting heartbeat science (12th ed.). Alahandro, CA: Spaghetti.
Book with three to seven authors
Christopherson, C., Swanson, R., Labbe, E., & Koltz, R. (2002). Fog pirates: On board the USS Hammerhead. Pickleton: Putters Publishing Place.
Book with more than seven authors
Christopherson, C., Swanson, R., Labbe, E., Koltz, R., Niderbacher, L. A., Potter, H. J., . . . Smith, S. (2003). Penne and the Jets: A love story. Albuquerque: Partridge.
Edited book with an author
O'Hanlon, B. (1942). Safety: How to be safe literally all the time. L.T. Thompson (Ed.). San Diego: Goldstein.
Books with no author
Encyclopedia of Football (12th ed.). (2002). New York: Sporting Publishers Inc.
Books by a corporate author or organization
Canadian Pumpkinology Association. (2009). The truth about rats and skunks: Nature's worst enemies. Toronto: La Fraude Publishers.
Chapter in a book or entry in a reference book
Graeve, M. J. (2009). Catching the big one: How fishing helped me find my center. In A. Hovel (Ed.), The anthology of modern fishing (pp. 42–63). Ann Arbor: Maven Publishing Company.
Two or more works by the same author
Zruna, J. (1993). Adequate lawn care 101. Detroit: University of Michigan.
Zruna, J. (1998). Common lawn pests and how to destroy them effectively. Florida: Simon & Penguin.
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), page number.
Coxswain, A. D., Blursdale, F., Landover, T. T., & Sanchez, J. (1986). Analyzing the psychology of odd juxtaposition. Name Technology, 42(1), 121–342.
Journal article with DOI
Coxswain, A. D., Blursdale, F., Landover, T. T., & Sanchez, J. (1986). Analyzing the psychology of odd juxtaposition. Name Technology, 42(1), 121–342. doi:01.2345678910
Journal article with more than seven authors
Christopherson, C., Swanson, R., Labbe, E., Koltz, R., Niderbacher, L. A., Potter, H. J., . . . Smith, S. (2009). Studying pumpkins in the wild. Modern Pumpkinology, 10(2), 12–36.
Faker, B. (2009, June 30). Local woman grows world's biggest pumpkin. The Nowheresville Daily Chronicle, pp. D3.
LaFrambois, K. (2003, May). Why do people treat their pets better than other humans? Vanity Circus, 87, 121–140.
The Green Bay Packers. (2011). The official website of the Green Bay Packers. Retrieved from http://www.packers.com/
Page on a website
Mueller, D. (2011, Mar. 14). How the Packers won my heart and then the Super Bowl. Retrieved from http://www.veryunofficialpackersfansite.com
Article in an online scholarly journal
Paulson, R. (2001). Soapmaking: A journey through the dirty world of saponification. Journal of Pierce and Pierce, 55. Retrieved from http://www.journalofpierceandpierce.com
Article from online newspaper
Faker, B. (2009, June 30). Local woman grows world’s biggest pumpkin. The Nowhereville Daily Chronicle. Retrieved from http://www.nowherevilledc.com
Do not include personal communication in your reference list. Simply parenthetically site the name of the communicator, the words "personal communication," and the date in your main text.
(A. Rodgers, personal communication, April 1, 2011).
Other common non-print sources
Jennings, J. J. (2010). Critiquing Paul Ratsmith’s theory of modern pumpkinology: The truth about pumpkins and rats (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Important Dissertations and Theses database. (Access No. 12345)
Jennings, J. J. (2010). Critiquing Paul Ratsmith’s theory of modern pumpkinology: The truth about pumpkins and rats (Doctoral dissertation). University of Nowheresville, Nowheresville.
Ashfed, K. (2011). How to be really good at everything. In A. Muller (Ed.), The 2010 Conference of Talented People. Toronto: The Big Publishing Company.
Canada Revenue Agency. (2010). Average exchange rates for 2009 (RC4152 Rev. 10). Retrieved from http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/E/pub/tg/rc4152/rc4152-09e.html
Other common non-print sources
Hewitt, P. (Director). (2006). Zoom: Academy for superheroes. USA: Revolution Studios.
Single episode from a television series
Peg, S. (Writer), & Knit, A. (Director). (2009). Cooking with chocolate [Television series episode]. In K. Ashfod (Executive producer), Fancy Eats. Toronto: Food Broadcasting.
Boyd, P. T. (2004). Living the Dream [Recorded by H. J. Boyd]. On Motivational Thoughts [CD]. Toronto: Brock Audio.