English as a Second Language

ESL Writing Tips

You are a professional and are very proficient at academic writing in your first language, but when it comes to translating your work into written English, suddenly you don't know your "ifs" from your "ofs." This is natural in professional ESL writing, because writing in another language is a lot more complicated than speaking it. However, here are some helpful tips to improve your ESL writing. Continued...


Using Dashes: En Dash, Em Dash, 2 Em Dash, or 3 Em Dash?

If you’re confused about the various types of dashes and when to use them, you’re not alone. Figuring out whether to use an en dash, em dash, 2 em dashes, or even, gasp!, 3 em dashes can be confusing. Let’s take a look at the different types of dashes and when to use these little punctuation marks. Continued...


How to Write a Persuasive Essay

Have you been assigned to write a persuasive essay and don't know where to begin? Our editors explain what a persuasive essay is and how to write one. Continued...


Stumped by Exclamation Marks?

The exclamation mark is arguably one of the most controversial pieces of English punctuation. Some writers love them; others hate them. The editors at Scribendi.com offer advice on when to use exclamation marks and when to avoid using them. Continued...


Plural Possessives: Does that little apostrophe get you every time?

Do you struggle with plural possessives? If so, don’t feel bad; you’re not alone! Knowing when and where to add the apostrophe to possessives can be tricky. Further complicating matters is that the correct usage sometimes looks and sounds wrong. We hope that by the end of this article, you’ll have a better grasp of plural possessives and how and when to use them. Continued...


Ligatures: A Guide to their Proper and Improper Use

In writing and typography, a ligature is two or more graphemes that are joined to make a single glyph. More simply put, a ligature is a single character that is created by joining several characters. Continued...


How to Use Brackets (Parentheses) Properly

Writers, have you ever found yourselves with a great deal of important information that you want to include in a sentence, but have difficulty finding a spot for all of it? Fitting everything into a sentence can be tricky—this is where brackets are useful. Brackets (parentheses) are punctuation marks used to include information within sentences that is not essential to the main point. Continued...


The 10 Most Common ESL Mistakes

Scribendi.com's editors outline the ten most common mistakes made by ESL students. Continued...


Punctuation Marks

In “Understanding Punctuation,” we covered some of the most common punctuation marks used in English writing. Now, let’s look at a few more punctuation marks in further detail. Continued...


Which Versus That

Contrary to popular belief, "which" and "that" do not function in a similar capacity. Although "which" and "that" are both pronouns, they are not interchangeable. "Which" is used for non-restrictive phrases and "that" is used for restrictive phrases. Continued...




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